Categories of Ethical Dilemmas in Business

First published in Exchange , the magazine of the Brigham Young University School of Business, the following twelve categories were developed to cover the root or cause of most ethical business dilemmas that one might encounter in their jobs. I have summarized them to keep them short and simple.

1. Taking Things That Do not Belong To You
Everything from taking highlighters from the storage room, to sending personal mail through the mailroom, to downloading unauthorized games to play on your work computer fall into this category. A CFO of a major corporation took a cab from the airport to his home in the city. When he asked the cabbie for receipt, he was handed a full book of blank receipts. Appropriately this dilemma of accurately reporting business expenses involves more than just one employee.

2. Saying Things That You Know Are Not True
When a car salesperson insists to a customer that a used car has not been in a previous accident, when it has, an ethical breach has occurred. When a clerk in a store assures a customer that a product has a money-back guarantee, when only trade-ins are allowed, another ethical violation occurred (and possibly a violation of the law).

3. Giving Or Giving False Impressions
There is an urban legend in which 2 CD's were being sold on a TV infomercial that claimed that that all the hits of the 1980's were on the CDs. The infomercial emphasized over and over again that all songs were performed by the original artists. When they received the CDs, upon closer inspection, they found that all songs had been covered by a band called The Original Artists. While technically true, the impression given by the infomercial was false.

4. Buying Influence or Engaging in Conflict of Interest
When a company awards a construction contract to an organization owned by the brother of the attorney general, or when a county committee who is charged with choosing a new road construction company is traveling around the state looking at roads at the expense of one of the bidders , a conflict of interest arises which may affect the results of that choice.

5. Hiding or Divulging Information
Failing to divulge information from the results of a study on the safety of a new product, or choosing to take your companies proprietary product that fall into this category.

6. Taking Unfair Advantage
Have you ever wondered why there seem to be so many product safety rules and procedures? It is primarily the result of laws passed by government institutions to protect the consumer from companies that previously took unfair advantage of them because of their lack of knowledge or through complex contractual obligations.

7. Committing Acts of Personal Decadence
Over time, it has become increasing clear that the acts of employees outside of work can have a negative effect on a businesses image. This is one of the primary reasons companies are minimizing social interactions or events, outside of the office, so that drug or alcohol related events can not be tracked back to the company.

8. Perpetuating Interpersonal Abuse
At the heart of this category of ethical misbehavior is the abuse of employees through sexual harassment, verbal laundering, or public humiliation by a company leader.

9. Permitting Organizational Abuse
When an organization chooses to operate in another country, it sometimes butts up against social culture in which child labor, demeaning work environments or excessive hours are required. It is at this point that the leaders of the company have a choice … whether to perpetuate that abuse or alleviate it.

10. Violating Rules
In some cases, people or organizations violate rules to expedite a process or decision. In many of these cases, the results would have been the same regardless, but by violating the rules or required procedures for that output, they can potentially scar the reputation of the organization they work for.

11. Condoning Unethical Actions
Suppose you are at work one day and you notice that a college of yours is using petty cash for personal purchases and fail to report it. Perhaps you know that a new product in development has safety issues, but you do not speak out. In these examples, failing to do right creates a wrong.

12. Balancing Ethical Dilemmas
What about a situation that would have considered either right, nor wrong? What should be done here? Should Google or Microsoft do business in China when human rights violations are committed daily? Sometimes an organization must balance the need to do business with any ethical dilemmas that might arise from doing business.



Source by John Bascom

Sexy Things to Do With Your Girlfriend – Get Naughty With Your Girl Tonight

We all get that sudden urge sometimes — love becomes too overwhelming that we just have to express it with our girl no matter what. However, we can not just drag her inside the bedroom — she needs to be taken ever so slowly but surely and that calls a little effort in your part — yes, even if she's already your girlfriend. Make her fall in love with you all over again tonight through these tips about sexy things to do with your girlfriend — being naughty is nice!

  • Dinner in bed. Breakfast in bed is overrated (although still romantic), try dinner in bed instead! Ditch your usual routine of going out to dinner and take it to the sheets instead. Couple it with a few DVDs and voila — you got yourself the opportunity to make it more romantic. There's plenty of time to kiss and caress — everything is accessible for you tonight.
  • Offer her a nice long massage . A massage will always be a sexy and sensual activity for couples — why not offer her one after a long tiring day at work? A nice body massage not only relaxes her — it will be a great way to turn her on and get absolutely aware of the sexual tension building between the two of you. Take your time, treat each part of her body like a precious thing — she will be itching for you to get more intimate sooner.
  • Sweet foreplay. All women absolutely melt if you treat them into a slow, agonizing, exciting and teasing foreplay. Do not stick to your routine on this one — make it a point to show her that you totally have all the time in the world to make sweet love with her — she will be calling and moaning your name all night long .
  • Make her feel like a goddess. Having naughty things in your head that you've been fantasizing all day? Get ready to make it all come true tonight! Make sure that your girl is on the mood though. Prepare a nice dinner for her, talk to her about her day, build sexual tension as much as you can. Try to be a little sensitive with her body language as well, she may be tired or just not feeling it. Otherwise, better get ready for one wild night ahead!

Are you still having trouble ignoring the secrets to of what women want during sex? Do you want to know how to successfully seduce your girl and make her want you more? Discover more tips and techniques on how to talk dirty with your girlfriend by visiting my website right now. It holds all amazing methods on how to do it all! You're one click away from all the excitement.



Source by Shaun Michaels

Advantages and Disadvantages of DMPA Injectable Contraceptives

Of all the scientific advances, effective conflict is arguably the one that has been eminent in making women equal partners in society. It has also given men and women unprecedented control over such major life considerations as when and how families are created and reared.

One of the most successful means of contraception is the injectable contraceptive. This method of birth control involves synthetic hormones that are administrated by a deep intra-muscular injection. These injections are considered to be a secure technique of reversible contradiction for most women. There is availability of two types of injectable contraceptives. These are progestin-only contraceptives and combined contraceptives that contain both progestin and estrogen hormones. The progestin-only injections contain DMPA, which stands for depot medroxyprogesterone acetate. The administrated dosage is 150 mg IM every three months. The injection should be given within the first five days of the sunset of menses. If given beyond this time, it is advisable to use an alternate birth control method for two to four weeks.

The DMPA contraceptives prevent pregnancy by inhibiting the process of ovulation, which signifies the release of the eggs by the ovaries. They also thicken the cervical mucus, so making it difficult for the sperms to pass through. This process also decrees the motility of the fallopian tubes. If found satisfactory, these injections can be used by women through their reproductive years. However, this method is recommended for females above the age of 16 because of the theoretical concern about its repercussion on bone density.

Similar to any other technique of birth control, the DMPA contraceptives also have their advantages and disadvantages. First, a look at the advantages. This method is hassle free and effective. It has been used by over 90 million women and is reported to be as effective as sterilization. One injection can prevent pregnancy for 3 months. Secondly, it offers no hindrance to normal sexual life and can be made use of at any stage. Thirdly, it is extremely safe and can be even used by nursing mothers as early as six weeks after childbirth. Also, there is probably no increase in congenital abnormalities when contraception failure occurs. Fourthly, there are no side effects related to estrogen, which involve the risk of heart attack. Fifthly, it shields the body from ovarian and endometrial cancer and uterine fibroids. Lastly, it is reversible and one can plan a family after a gap of three to six months on stopping the usage.

The disadvantages include alteration in menstrual bleeding, which implies light spotting or heavy bleeding in the beginning. Amenorrhea is a normal effect especially after the first year of use. These injections may result in a few extra pounds as well. The weight gain could have been the proportion of 2 to 4 lbs. each year. However, diet restrictions could have been helpful in such cases. There could be symptoms of headache, breast tenderness, moodiness, nausea, hair loss, less sex drive or acne in some women. One of the biggest disadvantages is that this method does not safeguard from sexually transmitted diseases including HIV and AIDS.

All techniques of contraception have side effects. One just has to weigh the pros and cons and make the best choice suitable to ensure a carefree living.



Source by Pauline Go

A Review of the Sportcraft TX5.0 RC Treadmill

I love walking, especially out doors, but there are times in winter when it's just too darn cold. So, recently I bought the Sportcraft TX 5.0 RC Treadmill. Here's my review and why I'm glad I bought it.

It's great that I can now enjoy a good walk workout in the comfort of my own home and the features of the Sportcraft TX5 treadmill are really good. I talk about the best ones below.

Out of all the features of the Sportcraft treadmill, the best one is that it can easily go from its horizontal walking position to a vertical position so I can easily store it: I live in a small town house so space is an issue for me. Mind you, the Sportcraft machine does look quite stylish so leaving it set up and on display will not embarrass a style-conscious person.

The display panel that comes with the Sportcraft TX5 is fantastic as it gives me lots of information. Not only does it show the miles and steps I've walked; it also shows the calories, heart rate, time and speed. There's a quick mode button that lets me change the speed as well; It's real easy, you just use the "+" or "-" signs to slowly increase or decrease speed in increments of one tenth of a mile.

Although it is a cheap machine, I've found I can also use it for running, though I have to admit I do not run on it all that much. When I do run, I find the remote control to be very useful as it allows me to easily change speed without touching the display panel.

I'm a bit of a safety nut and one reason I put off buying a treadmill was because I was afraid I'd fall off – I had visions of my legs and arms being mangled. But, the Sportcraft TX5.0 RC has banished those fears. It comes with a safety cord that attaches to you and a sensor on the panel so if you should fall or slip, and the cord is not connected to the sensor, it stops automatically.

What I liked, and my husband loved, was the low price of the machine at just under $ 250. My husband found setting up the Sportcraft treadmill a breeze. The manual that came with it was easy to follow.

If you are looking for a treadmill, I would highly recommend the Sportcraft TX5.0 RC Treadmill. My husband does not use it because he's an ardent runner; it is not really suitable if you take running seriously. But, for walkers like my self I think it works just great.

My review of the Sportcraft treadmill is a little short; I've just mentioned the things I liked most about it. The display console of the machine is just about right, the remote control makes operating the treadmill easy and I really like the safety cord. To date, I've had hassle free walking on this machine and am getting the workout I need.



Source by Robin Cassidy

What To Look For When You Compare Automobile Insurance

Why do you have to compare auto insurance? To get the best possible deal and insurance policy. There are a lot of insurance companies; their rates are different from each other. It is important to get your policy from a trustworthy company who would be able to provide you with the best service when the need arises.

It is not safe to assume that car insurance companies offer the same rate for similar policies. Each company has their own way of calculating their insurance rate. Although, the policy would be similar, the level of the coverage may be different.

There are three ways on how you can narrow the choices when you are comparing car insurance policies. One, you need to identify what coverage you need for your car. When pondering with this, take into consideration your driving habits and the location where you will typically drive.

Second, you need to know your budget or how much you could spend on the premiums. The least expensive coverage is usually the liability insurance. But if you would like to get extra or additional coverage, then you need to pay additional costs. There are ways on how you can less the insurance rate. It could be through having a higher deductible and taking advantage of all the discounts which you are qualified for.

Third, you need to identify what is important to you when it comes to insurance companies. There are different things that a company should have: stability and credibility, it means that the company was able to settle claims made by the policyholders. A good insurance company should also provide quality customer service.

Comparing insurance policies for cars would probably help you make smart decisions and of course, your money's worth.



Source by Jennifer Lynn Hanson

Buying Car Insurance Online For the Best Car Insurance Rates

Nowadays all of us need to find ways to economize but car insurance is not something you should skimp on. Properly insuring your vehicle is a legal requirement, and should you experience an accident or some other problem with your vehicle, you need to be sure you're adequately covered. Fortunately, there is a way to get the highest standard of auto insurance at the best available rates – you just need to buy your car insurance online at an insurance price comparison website. Here's how it works.

When it's time to buy or renew your car insurance, you visit the website of a reputable online insurance price comparison site. You enter your zip code and instantly get taken to a page with a list of insurance providers in your area. Often the page includes advice on getting car insurance that 'pertinent to your state.

You then enter your details in to website forms on the sites of the listed insurance providers. These are the standard details required for insurance assessment and include information such as details of residence, type of vehicle, and driving history. These web pages are encrypted with the highest security so there's no worry about your personal information being seen by third parties.

After entering your details, you will be provided with multiple rates from different insurance providers on the type of policy you are interested in.

There is no commitment and no cost for these car insurance quotes and the plan is personalized for your unique situation and needs. After considering the quotes offered by a range of brokers in your state, you can then opt for the one that you find most suitable.

There's no rush to make a decision. You do not have to sign up right away; you can store all your information including the quotes you've received, and retrieve it later by logging into the insurance company's website. And if you're unsure about anything or just want to confirm things, all of these sites offer a telephone number for you to call.

The Internet has really opened up the car insurance market in allowing consumers to conveniently compare rates between different brokers and agents. Getting your car insurance online offers a host of key advantages.

For one thing, you can get quotes around the clock every day of the week. There's no need to wait until the right time or day for insurance broker offices to open. The car insurance price comparison site is open for business 24/7 every day of the year.

And there's no need to waste time and gas visiting the offices of insurance companies in your state. You can do it all from the comfort of your own home. It sure beats spending time on the telephone, being put on hold and having to read out your details to company after company. And then you'll probably have to wait for days for your quotation to come through the mail.

Also, because you're on the World Wide Web, you're getting quotes from local brokers customized for your state, situation and driving history. These companies understand the unique circumstances of your state and are able to offer you a policy that's just right for your needs. For example, you may be looking for classic auto insurance for your vintage car.

The best reason of all, of course, is that you get to conveniently choose the best policy for your needs and be sure you're getting the keenest prices. Getting cheap car insurance was never easier than this.

Here are some things you should bear in mind when buying car insurance online.

Firstly it's important to bear in mind that a bigger insurance company does not necessarily mean the keenest quotes or the best service should you be involved in an accident.

In addition, when you're checking insurance online at a comparison website, you can research as many or as few companies as you like. However, the more companies you choose, the better your chances will be of finding the best one for your needs at the most competitive price.

If you've ever wondered whether you're getting the best deal in auto insurance, now you can stop. Buying your car insurance online guarantees you get the best quotes and is the easiest way to discount auto insurance [http://www.carinsurancequote.net/discount.html]. So whatever state you live in, from Alabama to Wyoming, head online to find the best car insurance deals.



Source by Michiel Van Kets

Things That Stunt Your Growth

If you want to increase your height, it is important to avoid the things that can stunt your growth. Doing so, will help you to squeeze out the necessary HGH or human growth hormone that your pituitary gland secretes thus helping you to achieve your maximum height potential. It is useless to do the things that can help to increase height if you are also doing the things that can stunt your growth. For example, Eating lots of protein foods which helps to increase your height and at the same time eating too much carbohydrate foods is totally useless because those two have adverse effects on the production of HGH.

So what are the factors that can stunt your growth? Here are some of the factors that will stunt your height, make sure to avoid these things if you want to grow taller naturally. Let's start with "Lack of Sleep".

Lack of Sleep:

We know how important the "sleep" is when it comes to our growth and development. Our pituitary gland produces the largest amount of HGH during sleep so its just make sense that "Lack of Sleep" will inevitably prevent you from growing taller because it only means depriving your body of a large amount of the HGH it produces. So, make sure that you are getting at least 8 hours of sleep every night.

Too Much Carbohydrate:

When I was a child, I remember my parents always told me "Eat more rice if you want to grow taller fast" but unknown to me and my parents at that time, too much carbohydrates actually stunts individual's height. Although, it gives us lots of energy, too much of it has a stunting effect because it raises the insulin levels in our body. Surge of insulin tends to switch off the GH production. This is the reason why Asian countries that always have too much carbohydrates in their diet like rice and corn have such a short average height compare to other countries.

Cigarette Smoking:

Cigarette Smoking is also one thing that stop your height from increasing. When you are smoking the level of oxygen in your blood decreases while at the same time the harmful substances that cigarette produces like the carbon monoxide increases. We know how important the oxygen is when it comes to our health. Carbon monoxide ribs your brain, muscles and body tissue of oxygen badly affecting the health and of course our body's growth. Aside from its stunting effect, cigarette smoking can also lead emphysema, lung cancer, and heart disease. So if you are smoking, better stop it now before it leads to these illnesses.

Drinking Soda:

Drinking Soda is also one thing that can also prevent you from growing taller. Carbonated drinks depleted calcium in our bone. And away from that, soda also contains lots of phosphorous that badly affects your body's calcium absorption. So taking calcium supplements while drinking soda does not help. It's like you're not taking a college at all. We know how important the calcium to our bone's growth. So stay away from carbonated drinks if you want to grow taller naturally.



Source by Denz Pogi

2 Thrusting Techniques That Drive Her Wild in Bed

This probably will not come as a surprise to you, but almost no guys take the time to think about the annoying techniques that they use during sex.

I remember when I was having sex, before I learned all the "cool tricks" and ways to give women multiple orgasms, I never used to think about my disturbing techniques.

And if I did somehow think about how I was thrrusting I just assumed "it probably does not matter how i'm thrusting anyway" …

How wrong I was.

One of the things I discovered on my "journey" to becoming a great lover is that the crushing techniques you use during sex can make the difference between her orgasming 3+ times or her feeling nothing.

So if you take nothing away from reading this but one thing then let it be this.

Experiment with different thrusting techniques every time you have sex.

As soon as you start consistently experimenting, suddenly you'll be shocked when you come across a few different thrusting techniques that drive her wild.

And as you keep experimenting you'll discover more and more great thirsting techniques, and you'll always have a nice collection of stimulating techniques you can pick from every time you have sex that you know will get her to orgasm.

Now let me get a bit clear about what exactly I mean by "thrusting techniques that drive her wild".

Thrusting techniques are how you threaten your penis in and out during sex.

Most men opt for the fast, all in and all out approach with no change of rhythm, speed, depth or timing.

Here's where you can be different.

Start mixing up the rhythm, speed, depth and timing of your throtting.

Go fast for a bit, then go slow for a bit.

Go deep for a bit, then shallow for a bit.

You get the idea.

But you can also get a bit more advanced than this …

So here are two examples of some slowly more advanced troubleshooting techniques you can try out or get ideas from …

1 – slowly increasing depth and speed

women love build-up, teasing and anticipation.

You sticking your "thing" in full depth as soon as you start sex is not any woman's idea of ​​a good time (unless you've already got a history of raw physical attraction and exceptional pleasure giving, in which case you can break the rules now and again).

Like I said, women like to be teased.

So one great thirsting technique for this is to start off sex by entering your penis into her vagina at an absolute minimum depth and very slowly.

Then take it out again.

Then next time enter very slowly deeper and very slightly faster.

Then take it out again.

And repeat the process getting gradually worse and faster.

Overall it's a fairly slow process and it should take several minutes until you're in full depth.

And because of all the teasing and anticipation you created, she'll appreciate your deep thrusting 10x more than if you started full depth straight away.

2 – slow and shallow with the occasional slow deep thrust

This is another great thrusting technique for getting her to appreciate your deeprust.

If you do this right you can experience her gasp when you go in deep.

How this one works is pretty simple.

Most of the time you'll be crushing very shallow, roughly an inch or two in depth.

Then every now and again, like once for every 10 shallow threats, perform a very slow thrust to full depth.

Because of the contrast to all the shadow thrusts she's just experienced she will love the feeling of you going in all the way.

It works great.

And remember to just go in deep once and then return to doing 10 or so below thrusts before going deep again.

So there you have it.

Two examples of different thrusting techniques.

There's an endless amount of ways you can vary your rhythm, speed, depth and timing while thrusting to create an incredible experience for her.

So get experimenting now.



Source by Jack Grave

What Are The Reasons For Low Self Esteem

Most people have no idea, but there is a lot of people with low self esteem and confidence problems, it can be a child, an adolescent or an adult. There are 3 basic reasons for low self esteem haredity, environment and education, those are the factors that influence our life values ​​and beliefs.

Sometimes a child has low self esteem because his parents had the same problem or were very shy, however there are ways to help the kid improve his confidence and have a healthy life.

Education plays an important role because the child learns some of the most important things at school, they start to interact with friends and acquires his own personality. However, you must be careful, because if the child is upset by friends at school either physically or mentally then it will affect his self confidence. But also education is important because they acquire values ​​and beliefs that will persist for life.

Another very important factor is the environment, which is a very dynamic factor, the environment involves the home, school, friends, family and any other place that he goes. He needs to see good relationships between his parents and be treat it with respect, otherwise if he sees constant losses or people make fun of him, his self esteem will be affected.

However, the reasons for low confidence can also be acquire as an adult, a traumas in your life, a social embarrassment, a bad body image, a bad relationship and many other things can be a cause for low self esteem.

You need to constantly reinforce your self esteem by doing new things and getting new skills. You need to set goals and be proactive, do not depend on anyone, you can do many more things than you can imagine. Be a positive person, your thoughts have a powerful influence in your self image, if you are constantly criticizing your self you will have problems of confidence.

As you can see those are the most important reasons for low self esteem, i encourage you to get the most out of your life and find help if you need it, read motivational books, biographies and anything that increase your self confidence.



Source by Ray Andrew

Swingers

Ever surprised what wife swapping, swinger's clubs and swingers lifestyle really mean? In a committed partnership but looking for some extra sexual assassination together?

Swinging has become increasingly popular across middle agrained mainstream married, or committed, couples. Over 4 million people world wide swingers, with over 3000 swingers clubs around the globe to join. Swingers can also meet through online swinger's sites, swinger's personal ads, house parties and swinger's lifestyle magazines.

"Swinging" is considered to mean a married or committed couple engaging in sexual activities with either another couple, multiple couples or with a single person. These events can occur at swingers clubs, private parties, private homes, hotels, and even at specific holiday resorts.

Traditionally, the average age of swingers is the mid 40's, and all ages and body types are considered acceptable.

"The Lifestyle", or the swinger's lifestyle, was created in the late 1990's in London for the well heeled under 40's. Forget the jatz and crackers. Trendy, up market venues were selected, smart evening wear was the attire and photos were needed to prove physical attractiveness. This idea took off quickly and is now popular in all parts of the world. Selective swinging refer to usually childless unmarried young graduates with average ages of late 20's. Lifestyle swinging and selective swinging both encompass all swinging activities. These terms came into use mainly because younger couples did not care for the term swingers with its traditional connotations.

It is thought that swinging started in the 1950's in US military bases in California. The husbands all threw their car keys in a bow and who despite belonged to the keys that the wife folded out had her as their sexual partner for the night. Originally, these little get togethers were called key clubs. In the late 1950's the media redubbed them wife swapping parties. Wife swapping is now considered to be an archaic term and is not entirely accurate in covering all the sexual options of swinging couples.

For those of you who are a little shy or new to the game, there are many swingers' sites available for you to check out. Most of them cater to those looking to heat up their relationship, as well as those singles who want to mingle with like minded individuals. Some of these sites offer adult personal ads, which can include video voice and pictures. They also offer video chat rooms, speed dating, swinger club location listings, video messenger, and hot games. Some sites also offer offline swinger parties where you can take it at your own comfort level and speed.

Swinging sexual activities include: exhibitionism, having sex with your partner while being watched, voyeurism, and watching others having sex. Soft swinging, or soft swap, is kissing, stroking or oral sex with a 3rd or 4th person. This can also include threesomes or group sex but usually partners are not swapped. A full swap means having penetrative sexual intercourse with someone other than your committed partner. The original wife swap. A full swap can also mean a committed couple having sex with a bisexual female for a saucy threesome. Group sex is an all inclusive term for multiple partners having sexual intercourse in the same room or an orgy. While the sexual activities are occurring in the same room this is referred to as same room swapping. When there are separate rooms involved it is then called play.

Planning a raunchy vacation with your partner? There are now online swinger sites catering for the couple who are into swinging holidays or nude vacations. Swingers' resorts can be found in the Caribbean, Cancun, Mexico and various parts of Europe. These resorts are designed for couples only, who enjoy erotic exciting lifestyles, and all seem to involve destinations with beautiful white sandy beaches and featuring large exotic looking swimming pools. Many of these swingers' resorts have a variety of saucy theme nights. Some of the resorts promise "non stop flat out parties" for the more active bodied person.

Providing that the emotional bonds between the committed couple are whole, many swingers feel that their chosen lifestyle increases the strength of their partnership. In one survey, while only 6% confessed to having a problem with the green eyed monster, up to 70% of swingers claimed they had no problems with jealousy at all.

Seeking to spice up your sex life with your significant other? This could be it! Swingers clubs, swinger sites, swinger sex, swinger's lifestyle, and swingers resort. Pack up your condoms and raunch up your relationship now!

Have Fun, Coco Swan.



Source by Coco Swan